Tag Archive: BIRDS


TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves (Feathered, winged, bipedal, endothermic (warm-blooded), egg-laying, vertebrates)
Order: Passeriformes (passerines or perching birds) Toes; three pointing forward and one back.
Family: Thraupidae (Tanagers).

Genus/species: Tangara gyrola

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Highly variable geographically, with no fewer than nine recognized subspecies, making it one of the most phenotypically diverse of all Tanagra tanagers Adult Bay-headed Tanagers are 14 cm (5.5 inches) long and weigh 19.5 g (0.7 oz). The nominate race T. gyrola is mainly green apart from a chestnut head, a blue belly, and a thin gold collar on the hind neck. Sexes are similar, but immatures are duller with chestnut-flecked green heads. Length to 14 cm (5.5 inches) and weight 19.5 g (0.7 oz).

 Tangara gyrola16290751194_a008ec4f69_k

DISTRIBUTION/ HABITAT: Costa Rica, Panama, and in much of northern South America. Commonly occurs found in the canopy of humid forest. They also inhabit nearby clearings with scattered trees, semi-open areas, and tall second-growth forests. 

 SONG and MAP: xeno-canto  www.xeno-canto.org/species/Tangara-gyrola

 Tangara gyrola7028725217_a83409bbfc_k

DIET IN THE WILD: Eats mainly fruit, usually swallowed whole. Insects are also taken, mainly from the underside of branches.

REPRODUCTION/DEVELOPMENT: A bulky cup nest is built-in a tree and the normal clutch is two brown-blotched white eggs. The female incubates the eggs for 13–14 days to hatching, with another 15–16 days before the chicks fledge.

CONSERVATION: IUCN RedList Least Concern (LC)  Has an extremely large range. Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable.

References

Cornell Lab of Ornithology neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/portal/species/overview?p_p…

IUCN Red List: Least Concern (LC) www.iucnredlist.org/details/22722878/0

Ron’s flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/16290751194/in/photostream/

Ron’s WordPress Shortlink: wp.me/p1DZ4b-14T

 

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves (Feathered, winged, bipedal, endothermic (warm-blooded), egg-laying, vertebrates)
Order: Passeriformes (passerines or perching birds) Toes; three pointing forward and one back.
Family: Thraupidae (Tanagers).

Genus/species: Sicalis flaveola

 

Saffron Finch3258198159_2655e576c6_b

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Forehead and crown bright orange. Yellow head, greenish-yellow mantle and back, bright yellow underparts. Female duller above and lighter below. Black maxilla (upper beak), pale mandible (lower beak),
The legs are dark pink.

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Common in the South American tropics of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, and Argentina. Found in open and semi-open forests and fields from lowland areas to 1850 m (6000 feet). Prefer drier areas; generally reside outside the Amazon basin.

Safron Finch3186810022_9c2c4db872_o

DIET IN THE WILD: Forage in pairs or larger groups for seeds,
insects, and plant matter.

Saffron Finch16244705093_b0b0ee432d_o

REPRODUCTION: Nest in tree hollows, though use nesting boxes in captivity. Female lays 3–4 white eggs; incubation, 12–14 days. Female incubates the eggs, male guards the nest. After eggs hatch, both parents feed the young, and fledging takes place in about 2 weeks.

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REMARKS: Saffron finches are a favorite caged bird because of their handsome colors and pleasant song. Technically classified not a finch but as a tanager.

References

IUCN Red List www.iucnredlist.org/details/22723346/0

Finch Information Center www.finchinfo.com/birds/finches/species/saffron_finch.php

Ron’s flickr   http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/sets/72157608454346681/

Ron’s WordPress Shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-f9


 

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves (Feathered, winged, bipedal, endothermic (warm-blooded), egg-laying, vertebrates)
Order: Passeriformes (passerines or perching birds) Toes; three pointing forward and one back.
Family: Thraupidae (Tanagers)

Genus/species: Cyanerpes cyaneus

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: The male is violet-blue with black wings, tail and back, and bright red legs. The crown of its head is turquoise, and the underwing, visible only in flight, is lemon yellow. After the breeding season, the male moults into an eclipse plumage, mainly greenish with black wings. Females and immatures are mainly green, with paler, faintly streaked under parts and a pale stripe above the eye. The legs are red-brown in the female, and brown in young birds. Length ave 12.2 cm (4.8 inches).

male

Cyanerpes cyaneus  4141915877_5600a8d45a_o

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: tropical New World from southern Mexico south to Peru, Bolivia and central Brazil, Trinidad and Tobago, and on Cuba. Found at the forest edge, open woodland, cocoa and citrus plantations.

DIET IN THE WILD: Nectar and small insects in flowers. It feeds on ripe fruits, pulp and seeds, taken into the fruit, thanks to the long slender bill. It examines the underside of small twigs and leaves, in order to catch small invertebrates.

REPRODUCTION: The female Red-legged Honeycreeper builds a small cup nest in a tree, and incubates the clutch of two brown-blotched white eggs for 12-13 days, with a further 14 days to fledging.

CONSERVATION: IUCN Red List Least concern (LC)                                                     Due to its extremely large range.

Female

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REMARKS: The call of Red-legged Honeycreeper is a thin, high-pitched tsip.

Female

 

Red-legged Honeycreeper (female) 4141915745_6f640230c1_o

References

EOL eol.org/pages/918134/details

CornellLab of ornithologyneotropical.birds.cornell.edu/portal/species/identificati…

IUCN www.iucnredlist.org/details/22723012/0

Ron’s flickr   http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/sets/72157608454346681/

Ron’s WordPress Shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-fs

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves (Feathered, winged, bipedal, endothermic warm-blooded, egg-laying, vertebrates)
Order: Passeriformes (passerines or perching birds) Toes; three pointing forward and one back.
Family: Thraupidae (Tanagers)

Genus/species: Coereba flaveola

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Feathers on the dorsal side are dark gray. There is a white eyebrow stripe, white wing spot, and yellow breast, belly and rump. The throat can vary from white to black and the bill is down-curved. Monomorphic (males and females look similar). Small honeycreeper (length 4-5 inches).

  

 

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: West Indies, Caribbean mainland from Southern Mexico south to southern Brazil and northeast Argentina. Most commonly found at low elevations and rarely in the high mountainous forests in settled districts and secondary growth.

DIET: Primary food is from flowers for nectar.  Although it does use its sharp beak to pierce flowers from the side to feed, much like some hummingbirds, the Bananaquit cannot hover like a hummingbird. Also while clinging head downward; gleans small insects and spiders from foliage, or creeps over trunks and limbs searching for them.  Pollinates at least three species of Bromelioideae.

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REPRODUCTION; The male and female build their own globe-shaped nests using leaves, grasses, and plant fibers from 5 to 30 feet above ground. Broods may contain from one to three white-cream color eggs.

LIFESPAN: 7 years in the wild.

CONSERVATION; IUCN RED LIST; Least Concern (LC)
Due to an extremely large range.

Bananaquit4329886077_48c1c841fd_o

REMARKS: The highly successful Bananaquit inhabits basically every island in the Caribbean except for Cuba. On some islands in the West Indies an entirely sooty color morph is frequent.

Peurto Rico has adopted the Bananaquit as its national bird, and many Caribbean and South American countries have featured the bird on their postage stamps.

References

Encyclopedia of Life http://eol.org/pages/1178271/details

IUCN Red List  www.iucnredlist.org/details/22722080/0

Cornell Lab of Ornithology neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/portal/species/overview?p_p…

Animal Diversity Web animaldiversity.org/accounts/Coereba_flaveola/

Ron’s WordPress Shortlink  wp.me/p1DZ4b-jv

Ron’s flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/4041293060/in/album-72157608454346681/

 

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thraupidae

Genus/species: Tersina viridis

 GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Female Swallow Tanagers are a dull green overall with buffy yellow underparts. The male is light emerald-green, with a small deep black face and upper throat patch.  Length about 15 cm (6 inches).

Female below

Female Swallow Tanager15964984390_dcf5ecf5ad_k

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: South America, south to southern Brazil. Found in the humid forest edge and second-growth forest.

Male below

Male Swallow Tanager15529954514_08efef15f5_k

DIET IN THE WILD: Fruit and insects (insects are captured in sallying flight).

REPRODUCTION: Nest singly or in loose colonies in burrows in dirt banks, or in cavities in buildings.

CONSERVATION: IUCN: Least Concern (LC)

References: 

Cornell Lab of Ornithology neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/portal/species/overview?p_p…

Encyclopedia of life  eol.org/pages/1052941/details

Ron’s flickr  https://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/15964984390/in/photostream/

Ron’s WordPress shortlink http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1qj

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thraupidae

Genus/species: Tangara velia

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GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Medium sized predominately blue and black. The crown and back are black, with a bright opalescent rump. The head and underparts are deep iridescent blue and the lower belly is reddish chestnut and crissum. Sexes are similar in both size and plumage with the female being duller.

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DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Bolivia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.
Found in tropical forests, from emergent to shrub layer, especially lowland rainforests and the forest edge, though found in some areas up to 1200 m (4000 feet).

DIET: Omnivorous

CONSERVATION: IUCN, Least Concern (LC)

3162005686_869f46bd04_o

REMARKS: Generally seen in pairs and/or small groups of mixed species. Emit a high-pitched twitter in flight.

Ron’s flickr  http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/sets/72157608454346681/with/3161783604/

Ron’s WordPress shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-15Y

 

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thraupidae

Genus/species: Tangara chilensis paradisea 

2981087747_5d4a822642_o

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: In Spanish, called “sieite colores” for its seven-colored appearance: green, yellow, scarlet, black, and three colors of blue feathers adorn this handsome bird. Monomorphic (males and females look similar). Length 13.5 to 15 cm 5.3 to 6 inches.

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: South America: common in Venezuela, Peru, Columbia, Ecuador, Brazil. Found in the canopy and edges of subtropical to tropical lowland humid forests, including parts of the Amazon basin and upwards to 1400 m (4500 feet). Often moves in mixed flocks.

DIET IN THE WILD: Mainly fruit, buds, leaves. Forage from middle heights to treetops. Also, like other  tanagers, picks insects from leaves or sometimes takes them in flight. Often moves and feeds in mixed flocks.

Paradise Tanager   3259028446_790c536452_b

REPRODUCTION: Female builds a cup nest where she lays two or three brown or lilac-speckled white eggs. Eggs hatch in 13–14 days; chicks fledge in additional 15–16 days. Nestlings are feed insects and fruit by both male and female..

CONSERVATION: IUCN, least concern.

Rainforest.

1-8-09, 11-11-11

flickr  http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/3259028446/in/set-72157608454346681

WordPress Shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-15F

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thraupidae

Genus/species: Tachyphonus phoenicius

Red-shouldered Tanager (male) 3334159981_db9f81a402_b

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Males are basically all black, with a tiny red and white patch on the shoulder region and white underwing linings. Females, are brownish gray above, while the throat and middle abdomen are white. Pairs of Red-shouldered Tanagers usually forage in close proximity, low down, but often keeping within cover. Length 16-17 cm (6.3-6.7 inches).

Male above and below

Red-shouldered Tanager (male) 3186809464_2c975c664e_o

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Found in dry shrubland or seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland. Also open rainforest, to 2000 m (6500 feet).

DIET IN THE WILD: Insects and fruit.

female below

Red-shouldered Tanager (female) 3105184668_a8dfdddccd_b

CONSERVATION: IUCN, least concern (population trend stable).

flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/sets/72157608454346681/with/3334159981/

WordPress Shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-15y

 

TAXONOMY

KINGDOM                 Animalia

PHYLUM                   Chordata

CLASS                      Aves

ORDER                     Struthioniformes

FAMILY                    Struthionidae

GENUS/SPECIES    Struthio camelus

 

 

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

 S. camelus is the largest living bird in the world! Size: 7 to 9 ft (2.1 to 2.7 m) tall.  Weight:  220 to 350 lbs (100 to 160kg)

The feathers of adult males are loose soft and smooth mostly black, with white primaries and a white tail. Females and young males are greyish-brown and white. The head and neck of both male and female Ostriches is nearly bare, with a thin layer of down,The skin of the female’s neck and thighs is pinkish gray, while the male’s is blue-gray, gray or pink dependent on subspecies.  Their eyes are almost the size of billiard balls and are larger than their brain.

Although ostriches cannot fly, they are fleet, strong runners. They are the fastest runner of any bird sprinting up to 43 miles (70 kilometers) an hour and can run over distance at 31 miles at 50 kilometers an hour. They may use their wings as “rudders” to help them change direction while running.  An ostrich’s powerful, long legs can cover 10 to 16feet (3 to 5 meters) in a single stride

 

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT

They are nomadic living in small herds on the African savanna and desert that typically contain less than a dozen birds.

 

 DIET IN THE WILD

Omnivore, eating plants, roots, and seeds but will also eat insects and lizards. All water necessary comes from food.

 

PREDATORS

Cheeths, lions, African hunting dogs and hyenas.

Ostrich kicks can kill a human or a potential predator as large as  a lion. Each two-toed foot has a long, sharp claw

At the approach of trouble, ostriches will lie low and press their long necks to the ground in an attempt to become less visible. They do not bury their head in the sand.

Average life span in the wild: 30 to 40 years

 

REPRODUCTION

They are sexually mature at 2 to 4 years of age.  They are polygamous with the males have a harem of two to seven females.  The dominant female Ostrich lays up to 12 fertilized eggs (at 3 lbs largest in the world) in a single communal nest of up to 25 eggs, in a simple pit, 30–60 cm (12–24 in) deep and 3 m (9.8 ft) wide, scraped in the ground by the male. They are actually the smallest eggs relative to the size of the adult bird being on average they are 15 cm (5.9 in) long, 13 cm (5.1 in) wide but are the size of 24 chicken eggs,  The incubation period is 35 to 45 days with fewer than 10% of nests surviving and of the surviving chicks, only 15% of those survive to 1 year of age.

 LOCATION

Earthquake Exhibit.  Note that the closest relatives of the Ostrich live in South America and Australia suggesting that their relatives lived together on the supercontinent Pangaea before it separated  into Laurasia (northern continents) and Gondwana (southern continents) 200 million years ago.

 

Flickr  http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/7449984428/in/set-72157608454346681

WordPress Shortlink http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-y1


TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thraupidae

Genus/species: Tangara chilensis paradisea

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS:  In Spanish, called “sieite colores” for its seven-colored appearance: green, yellow, scarlet, black, and three colors of blue feathers adorn this handsome bird. Monomorphic (males and females look similar).  Length 13.5 to 15 cm 5.3  to 6 inches.

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: South America: common in Venezuela, Peru, Columbia, Ecuador, Brazil. Found in the canopy and edges of subtropical to tropical lowland humid forests, including parts of the Amazon basin and upwards to 1400 m (4500 feet).  Often moves in mixed flocks.

DIET IN THE WILD: Mainly fruit, buds, leaves. Forage from middle heights to treetops. Also, like other Tangara tanagers, picks insects from leaves or sometimes takes them in flight. Often moves and feeds in mixed flocks.

REPRODUCTION: Female builds a cup nest where she lays two or three brown- or lilac-speckled white eggs. Eggs hatch in 13–14 days; chicks fledge in additional 15–16 days. Nestlings are feed insects and fruit by both male and female..

CONSERVATION: IUCN, least concern.

LOCATION: Rainforest

References

Ron’ flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/sets/72157608454346681/

Ron’s WordPress shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-jN

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