Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves (Feathered, winged, bipedal, endothermic (warm-blooded), egg-laying, vertebrates)
Order: Passeriformes (passerines or perching birds) Toes; three pointing forward and one back.
Family: Thraupidae (Tanagers).

Genus/species: Tangara gyrola

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Highly variable geographically, with no fewer than nine recognized subspecies, making it one of the most phenotypically diverse of all Tanagra tanagers Adult Bay-headed Tanagers are 14 cm (5.5 inches) long and weigh 19.5 g (0.7 oz). The nominate race T. gyrola is mainly green apart from a chestnut head, a blue belly, and a thin gold collar on the hind neck. Sexes are similar, but immatures are duller with chestnut-flecked green heads. Length to 14 cm (5.5 inches) and weight 19.5 g (0.7 oz).

 Tangara gyrola16290751194_a008ec4f69_k

DISTRIBUTION/ HABITAT: Costa Rica, Panama, and in much of northern South America. Commonly occurs found in the canopy of humid forest. They also inhabit nearby clearings with scattered trees, semi-open areas, and tall second-growth forests. 

 SONG and MAP: xeno-canto

 Tangara gyrola7028725217_a83409bbfc_k

DIET IN THE WILD: Eats mainly fruit, usually swallowed whole. Insects are also taken, mainly from the underside of branches.

REPRODUCTION/DEVELOPMENT: A bulky cup nest is built-in a tree and the normal clutch is two brown-blotched white eggs. The female incubates the eggs for 13–14 days to hatching, with another 15–16 days before the chicks fledge.

CONSERVATION: IUCN RedList Least Concern (LC)  Has an extremely large range. Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable.


Cornell Lab of Ornithology…

IUCN Red List: Least Concern (LC)

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