Tag Archive: South America


TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Cichlidae (Cichlids)

Genus/species: Satanoperca leucosticta

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: S. leucosticta has a streamlined body shape which is greenish-yellow to yellow-brown color. The head area from the mouth to the back of the gill plates are covered in numerous small whitish or iridescent bluish spots, often with a reddish background.

 Length up to 15 cm (6 inches)

 

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Found in South America: Essequibo River in Guyana and Nickerie River in Suriname.

DIET IN THE WILD: Eartheater name derived from this fish’s almost constant digging in the sand for prey (insects, crustaceans). It scoops up sand swallows the food and ejects waste out of its gills.

REPRODUCTION: Fish in this genus are mouth brooders. The parents take turns brooding and spit the fry into the partner’s mouth when their shift is over.

CONSERVATION: IUCN Redlist; Not Evaluated.

REMARKS: Genus name translates as “eartheater.” This common name applies to many species. A small, but popular food fish. 

References:

California Academy of Sciences Steinhart Aquarium Flooded Amazon Anaconda Exhibit 2016

Ron’s WordPress shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1o1

Fishbase search.yahoo.com/search?ei=utf-8&fr=aaplw&p=www.f…

Encyclopedia of life   eol.org/pages/206551/maps

www.raubwelse.de/galerie/cichliden/c024.htm

Mongabay.com fish.mongabay.com/species/Satanoperca_leucosticta.html

Cichlid forum: www.cichlid-forum.com/articles/sat_cf_leucosticta_amazonr…

Cichlids. https://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/7674722288/in/album-72157608395881837/

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class Aves: (Feathered, winged, bipedal, endothermic or warm-blooded, egg-laying, vertebrates)
Order: Passeriformes (passerines or perching birds)
Family: Thraupidae (Tanagers).

Genus/species: Ramphocelus carbo

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Adult male: velvety crimson back with deep crimson throat and breast; upper mandible black, lower mandible bright silver. Female: duller; brownish upper parts and reddish-brown underparts, throat, and breast.

Ramphocelus carbo3142853893_b630accb43_o

 

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT:  The Silver-beaked Tanager is a resident breeder in South America from Columbia and Venezuela south to Paraguay and central Brazil as well as on Trinidad. It is found in light woodland and cultivated areas.

Ramphocelus carbo3186808944_6a7ba36a6e_o

DIET IN THE WILD: DIET: Mainly fruit as well as insects.

ACADEMY DIET: Like all of the passerines (all of the birds except the macaws), they receive pellets soaked in water or nectar, nectar cups, and plates with fruit. 

REPRODUCTION and DEVELOPMENT: R. carbo has a clutch of 2 green-blue eggs blotched with black-brown are laid in bulky cup nest usually built at lower forest level. Female incubates eggs for 11–12 days before they hatch. Chicks fledge 11–12 days later.

Silver-Beaked Tanager eggs
Our rainforest birds have already nested, hatched, and fledged.

CONSERVATION: IUCN: Red List Least Concern due to its extremely large range.

Ramphocelus carbo3142852689_c17ba4a031_o

REMARKS: These social birds tend to be noisy, traveling in groups of 4–8 in the wild.

References

California Academy of Sciences Docent Rainforest Training Manual 2014

Ron’s flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/sets/72157608454346681/

Cornell neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/portal/species/overview?p_p…

Encyclopedia of Life  eol.org/pages/1052871/details

IUCN Red List www.iucnredlist.org/details/22722507/0

Ron’s WordPress Shortlink: http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-14I

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