Tag Archive: indo-Pacific


TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia (animals)
Phylum: Chordata (chordates)
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Beryciformes (Sawbellies)
Family: Monocentridae (Pinecone fishes)

Genus/species: Monocentris japonica

 

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Body except for caudal peduncle armored with huge, immovable scales. Body yellow, scales outlined in black; lower jaw black. Length to 17 cm (6.7 inches).

 PineconeFish14809348647_ca6e4f130d_k

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Indo-Pacific. Tropical marine found in schools in clear water above rocky bottom near reefs. Depth range 10 – 200 m (33-660 feet).

PineconeFish14996127685_785385956b_k

 

DIET IN THE WILD: Feeds at night on small invertebrates and zooplankton

 CONSERVATION: IUCN 2006 red list of threatened species

 REMARKS: By moving its jaw M. japonica  exposes a bioluminescence producing organ with pure culture of luminous bacteria which emit light.

 Location: Dark Cluster

 References

 eol eol.org/pages/214300/details

 fishbase www.fishbase.org/summary/Monocentris-japonica.html

 Ron’s flickr www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/14809348647/

Ron’s WordPress shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1kC

TAXONOMY
Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Gobiidae (Gobies)

Genus/species: Valenciennea puellaris

Maiden GobyIMG_8532

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Pale grey body color for Pacific fish with row of large orange spots on side, a series of dash-like markings below, oblong pale blue spots on cheek and opercle.  Length : 20.0 cm (7.8 inches).

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Tropical marine Indo-Pacific: red Sea to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to the Great Barrier Reef.
Inhabits sandy areas of clear lagoon and seaward reefs.

DIET IN THE WILD: Carnivore feedings off the bottom sifting through the sand. Once the fish has a mouthful of sand, it begins to slowly expel the sand out the gills for any small invertebrates.

REPRODUCTION: Monogamous

CONSERVATION: IUCN; Not evaluated

REMARKS: Occurs in pairs and use burrows as refuge.

References

WordPress shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1hc

flickr  https://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/14047101767/

fishbase www.fishbase.org/summary/Valenciennea-puellaris.html

eol eol.org/pages/207103/details

 

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Pomacentridae (Damselfish)

Genus/species: Chrysiptera parasema

GENERAL APPEARANCES:: Small, blue-bodied fish with a yellow tail; 7–9 cm (2.75 – 3.5 inches) long. Colors become less contrasting with age.

Yellow-tail Blue Damselfish 4533756786_58d0151ab2_o

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Western Pacific in coral-rich areas of sheltered lagoon and inshore coral reefs. Inhabits rubble beds on lagoon reefs to 16 meters (52 feet) deep. Occurs in small groups on Acropora patches.

DIET IN THE WILD: Omnivore.

REPRODUCTION: Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding. Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate.

Ref: fishbase, EOL, Reef Fish Identification, Tropical pacific, Allen et al. 2003

Philippine Coral Reef PR04

flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/sets/72157608339622313/with/4533756786/

WordPress Shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-19h

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