Kingdom: Animalia (animals)
Phylum: Chordata (chordates)
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Beryciformes (Sawbellies)
Family: Monocentridae (Pinecone fishes)

Genus/species: Monocentris japonica


GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Body except for caudal peduncle armored with huge, immovable scales. Body yellow, scales outlined in black; lower jaw black. Length to 17 cm (6.7 inches).


DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Indo-Pacific. Tropical marine found in schools in clear water above rocky bottom near reefs. Depth range 10 – 200 m (33-660 feet).



DIET IN THE WILD: Feeds at night on small invertebrates and zooplankton

 CONSERVATION: IUCN 2006 red list of threatened species

 REMARKS: By moving its jaw M. japonica  exposes a bioluminescence producing organ with pure culture of luminous bacteria which emit light.

 Location: Dark Cluster




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