Tag Archive: wrasses


TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Labridae (Wrasses)

Genus/species: Semicossyphus pulcher

California sheephead IMG_5773

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Length to 91 cm (36 in), weight to 16kg (35 lbs). Body is fusiform, deeply, compressed. Males are larger, with black tail and head sections with wide, reddish-orange midriff and white chins,. Adult females reddish-brown. Caudal fin almost square. Juveniles are brick-red on sides with white stripe and a black spot on its tail.

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Monterey Bay, California to Baja California, Mexico on rocky bottoms or in kelp forests and shallow reefs to 55 m, typically 3 (10 ft)–30 m (!00 ft).

DIET IN THE WILD: Hard-shelled prey (sea urchins, barnacles, clams, gastropods, mussels, lobsters and crabs) crushed with tooth-plates in rear of mouth. Also take octopuses and various worms; can pry prey from substrate with canine teeth.

CALIFORNIA SHEEPHEAD 1

REPRODUCTION: Protogynous hermaphrodite. Individuals initially female, change to males at about 30 cm and 8 years old. Sex change metamorphosis takes less than one year.

PREDATORS/MORTALITY: Can live to more than 50 years, in ideal areas although this rarely happens now. During the night, they move to crevices and wrap themselves in a mucus cocoon so predators can’t detect them.

CONSERVATION: The California Department of Fish and Game restricts the catch size to prevent over fishing.

REMARKS: Large teeth can cause serious bite wounds.

California Coast CC19

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TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: (Labridae) Wrasses

Genus/species: Pseudojuloides cerasinus

Pencil Wrasse  8362948295_4f3b9c4930_h

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Long slender bodies and pointed snouts. Body color of males and females differ; geographic variation exists Initial phase (IP) fish are white with a copper-colored dorsum. Terminal phase (TP) green upper body, bicolor blue and yellow mid-body stripe; blue below. Length to 12 cm (5 in).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT: East Africa to Samoa and Hawaii. S. Japan to Australia. Found among rubble, weed and coral areas of lagoon and seaward reefs to 61m (201 ft).

DIET IN THE WILD: Small benthic invertebrates (including fan worms, small crustaceans).

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Reef Partners Cluster,  Shrimpfish Exhibit PR31

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TAXONOMY
Phylum: Chordata (Chordates)
Subphylum: Vertebrata (Vertebrates)
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata (Jawed Vertebrates)
Class: Osteichthyes
Subclass: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Labridae (Wrasses)

Genus/species: Halichoeres vroliki

IMG_5270

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Light green with darker green stripes of linked spots. 3-4 narrow greenish white bars on back, greenish and pink bands on head, yellow pectoral fin base. Length to 13 cm (5 inches).

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Maldives and Andaman Sea to Moluccan Is in E. Indonesia. Found in shallow weedy areas among coral reefs 2-20 m (6.5-65 ft).

REPRODUCTION: Pelagic spawners.

IMG_5268

Animal Attractions

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TAXONOMY

Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: (Labridae) Wrasses

Genus/species: Pseudojuloides cerasinus

IMG_3347

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Green upper body, bicolor blue and yellow mid-body stripe; blue below. Length to 12 cm (5 in).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT: East Africa to Samoa and Hawaii. S. Japan to Australia. Found among rubble, weed and coral areas of lagoon and seaward reefs to 61 m.

8362948295_de913680af_b

Reef Partners Cluster, Shrimpfish Exhibit

PR31

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TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) 
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes) 
Family: Labridae (Wrasses)

Genus/species: Macropharyngodon meleagris

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Sexual dichromism. Females are white with black or brown irregular spots with white to blue margins over the body. Males have orangey-red background with green mottling. Max. length: 15 cm (6 inches).

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Indo Pacific: Eastern Indian Ocean to western Pacific and the islands of Oceania. Habitat: Subtidal reefs and outer lagoons, at depths of 0–30 meters (98 feet).

DIET IN THE WILD: Feed on gastropods, hard shelled prey and foraminiferans.

REMARKS: Wrasses are most easily identified by their pointed snouts and prominent canine teeth that protrude in front of the jaw. Other common characteristics include their form of propulsion, which depends mostly on the winglike motion of the pectoral fins with only an occasional burst of speed provided by the caudal fin. Color, markings and body shapes change during maturation.

Philippine Coral Reef PR04

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TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Labridae (Wrasses)

Genus/species: Thalassoma lunare

GENERAL CHACTERISTICS: Adult’s caudal fin is a large yellow crescent edged in purple and blue, the source of the species common name. Body dark green to blue with vertical red lines on scales; pectoral fins a bright pink surrounded by neon blue. The head is distinctive for its bright irregular pink and violet bands radiating from the mouth towards the body, a kind of fluorescent camouflage. Max. length: 25 cm or 10 inches.

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Indo-Pacific; Red Sea to East Africa to the Line Islands, northwest to southern Japan, and southwest to northern New Zealand. Found on marine reefs to a depth of 20 m or 65.5 ft. Also lagoons, coastal reefs, protected seaward reefs, and estuaries.

DIET IN THE WILD: Feeds mainly on small benthic invertebrates and fish eggs

REPRODUCTION: Protogynous hermaphrodite

REMARKS: When frightened this fish will hide in the reef or bury itself in the sand; also buries in sand to sleep.

Philippine Coral Reef PR04

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TAXONOMY

Class:  Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)

Order:   Perciformes (Perch-likes)

Family: Labridae (Wrasses)

Genus/species:   Epibulus insidiator

 

GENERAL CHARACTERICS

Max length : 54.0 cm. The mouth of this species is protrusible and unfolds into a tube easily half the body length. The jaws swing forward into a long tube that strong suction to catch prey. When not in use, the entire apparatus is conveniently folded under the head.

Small juveniles are brown with thin white bars. Color varies with age and sex, but adult color is variable, including with an all-yellow xanthic form. Terminal males are dark with a white head and a dark streak extending horizontally through the eye. Male becomes ornamented with orange and yellow over the back. Juveniles dark with fine vertical white lines. Intermediates with yellow blotches, pale tail and sometimes with black pectoral fins.

 

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT

Tropical marine waters of the Indo-Pacific, from the Red Sea, throughout South-east Asia and Micronesia, north to Japan, south to Australia and east to the Tuamoto Islands. In Australia it is known from the north-western coast of Western Australia, around the tropical north of the country, and from the entire length of the Great Barrier Reef, Queensland.  E. insidiator inhabits coral-rich areas of lagoon and seaward reefs

 

DIET IN THE WILD

Small coral-dwelling crustaceans and fishes.

 

Location: Venoms Cluster PR 27

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1-25-12 Rainbow Wrasse from Ron’s Tropical Marine Series

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes), Perciformes (Perch-likes),  Labridae (Wrasses)

Halichoeres pictus   

ADULT MALE BELOW

  

DISTRIBUTION:  Western Atlantic: southern Florida, USA and Bahamas to northern South America. 

HABITAT: Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 – 25 m.

APPEARANCE: Large adult males are blue-green to yellowish green on the upper half of body and pale blue on lower half; blue stripes on head; a large black spot at caudal base. Females or young are silvery tan with a brown back and a brown stripe along the midsize.

DIET:  Various invertebrates.

REPRODUCTION: A protogynous hermaphrodites.  Protogynous hermaphrodites refer to organisms that are born female and at some point in their lifespan change sex to males.  Also noted in the following fish families: Serranidae (groupers), Sparidae (porgies), Synbranchidae (swamp eels), Scaridae (parrotfishes), Pomacanthidae (angelfishes), Gobiidae (gobies), Lethrinidae (emperors).

REMARKS: Note: Protandrous hermaphrodites refer to organisms that are born male and at some point in their lifespan change sex to female. Protandrous animals include clownfish.  

LOCATION: Caribbean Reef.

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FEMALE OR IMMATURE BELOW

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Thalassoma lucasanum (Labridae)  Wrasses  

DISTRIBUTION: Tropical marine waters from the central Gulf of California to the Galapagos Islands.

HABITAT: Shallow reefs at depths of about 48 m as well as near-bottom substrate.

APPEARANCE: Distinctive yellow and red lateral stripes with the less common larger males displaying a blue head with a broad yellow vertical stripe behind the head. It has a cigar-shaped with a pointed snout, thick lips, a protractile mouth and protruding canine teeth. Max. length: 15 cm. Diet: carnivore.

Galapagos Exhibit

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