Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) 
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes) 
Family: Labridae (Wrasses)

Genus/species: Macropharyngodon meleagris

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Sexual dichromism. Females are white with black or brown irregular spots with white to blue margins over the body. Males have orangey-red background with green mottling. Max. length: 15 cm (6 inches).

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Indo Pacific: Eastern Indian Ocean to western Pacific and the islands of Oceania. Habitat: Subtidal reefs and outer lagoons, at depths of 0–30 meters (98 feet).

DIET IN THE WILD: Feed on gastropods, hard shelled prey and foraminiferans.

REMARKS: Wrasses are most easily identified by their pointed snouts and prominent canine teeth that protrude in front of the jaw. Other common characteristics include their form of propulsion, which depends mostly on the winglike motion of the pectoral fins with only an occasional burst of speed provided by the caudal fin. Color, markings and body shapes change during maturation.

Philippine Coral Reef PR04


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