Tag Archive: surgeonfish


TAXONOMY

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes) 
Family: Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes)

Genus/species: Acanthurus dussumieri

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GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Bluish to brownish body with horizontal line markings; orange band between eyes, continued behind each eye to gill cover., blue tail with numerous black spots; white caudal spine with the socket edged in black. Typically seen as a solitary fish but may also occur in small groups.

Max. size: up to 50 cm (20 in).

 

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DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Indo-Pacific: from East Africa to Hawaii and the eastern Central Pacific. Also from Southwest Japan to the Great Barrier Reef. Absent from most of the Central Pacific. Adults are found mainly on deep coastal reef slopes and outer reef walls.

Depth ranges from 4–131 m (12-430 ft) and are usually found below 30 ft.

EYESTRIPE SURGEONFISH Acanthurus dussumieri

DIET IN THE WILD: Grazes algae from reefs and sand.

CONSERVATION: IUCN Least concern

REMARKS: The eyestripe surgeonfish reputedly has a strong odor when cooked. The Hawaiian name for this fish is palani and a Hawaiian riddle based on this name means “odor reaching to heaven.” This species can quickly change its coloration to a much darker shade that obscures the yellow and markings. 

References

California Academy of Sciences Steinhart Aquarium Philippine Coral Reef 2016

Ron’s WordPress shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1aY

Encyclopedia of life   eol.org/pages/206881/details
fishbase  www.fishbase.org/summary/1256

Ron’s WordPress Shortlink  https://fishoncomputer.wordpress.com/wp-admin/post-new.php

IUCN Red List  www.iucnredlist.org/details/177981/0

Australian Museum australianmuseum.net.au/eyestripe-surgeonfish-acanthurus-…

Ron’s flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/8375327580/in/set-72157608332652056/

Prionurus laticlavius   Family Acanthuridae

DISTRIBUTION:  Eastern Central Pacific: Gulf of California to El Salvador, including the Revillagigedo and Galápagos Islands.

HABITAT: Reef-associated; marine; depth range 5 – 35 m in shallow warm tropical waters with young often in tidepools.

APPEARANCE: Maxium length to 60 cm.  Grey in color  with a yellow tail and two vertical black bands on the head divided by a whitish band.  They have three scalpel like plates on each side of the tail.  Very similar to Prionurus punctatus  but lacks total body spots.

DIET: Plankton

WordPress Shortlink       http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-7f

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