Tag Archive: sunfishes


TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Centrarchidae (Sunfishes)

GENUS: Lepomis sp. 

Sunfish description to append

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Shape is perch like. In direct sunlight sunfish have a brilliant sheen. A black extension of the upper gill cover is the “ear.” Spinous dorsal fins. Length to 24 cm (9.5 inches) and a maximum weight of 1.7 pounds.

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: North America from northeastern Mexico to the north to the Great Lakes in shallow water, with dense vegetation in small lakes, ponds and slow-moving rivers and streams

DIET IN THE WILD: Carnivorous, tend to be generalists: aquatic insects, snails, crustaceans and small fishes.

REPRODUCTION: Male makes the nest and defends it.

Sunfish description to append

REMARKS: A popular game fish with anglers.

Swamp SW02 and Water planet Feeding Cluster WP31

 flickr  http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/sets/72157608608528651/with/4533132487/

WordPress Shortlink

http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-10P

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Centrarchidae (Sunfishes)

Genus/species: Micropterus  salmoides

Largemouth Bass 4515020403_327c45ebbd_b

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Common length : 40.0 cm, (16 inches), max. published weight: 10.1 kg (22 1/4 lbs). Mouth large; maxillary extending beyond the eye. Green to olive dorsally, milk-white to yellow ventrally, with a black band running from the operculum to the base of the caudal fin. Caudal fin rounded

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Native to eastern North America and historically ranged from southern Canada to northern Mexico, and from the Atlantic coast to the central region of the United States. Prefers quiet, shallow, clear water with lots of vegetation. Seldom found deeper than 20 feet.

DIET: Crayfish and other fish species including their own. Other sunfish species are the food of choice for most adult largemouth bass.

REPRODUCTION and DEVELOPMENT: Males prepare and build a crude nest in shallow water. Following an act of courtship, female lays eggs in the nest. Males guard the eggs until they hatch. The schooling fry remain close to their father for about a month.

PREDATORS: Herons, bitterns, and kingfishers. Max. reported age: 23 years.

Largemouth Bass 6268037751_8f1c84e75e_b

CONSERVATION: World Conservation Union (IUCN) not listed as endangered or vulnerable.

REMARKS: It is the most popular game fish in the United States and is a potential pest as it can eradicate indigenous species. Largemouth bass have been introduced successfully all over the world.

Swamp SW02

flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/sets/72157625017923579/with/4515020403/

WordPress Shortlink http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-ZL

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Centrarchidae (Sunfishes)

Genus/species: Pomoxis nigromaculatus

Black Crappie  5230993160_366f8f8c16_b

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Length 13-38 cm (5 – 15 in) in length. The average weight varies from 0.25-0.90 kg (9 – 31 oz). Deep and laterally compressed body with symmetrical dorsal and anal fins. Color is silvery-gray to green with irregular or mottled black splotches over the entire body. Color varies among populations of P. nigromaculatus with age, habitat, and breeding are all determinants of the intensity of mottling.

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: North America: native to freshwaters of central and eastern North America, today widely introduced throughout the U.S.  Habitat: Lakes, ponds, sloughs, and backwaters and pools of streams. Prefers clear water and sites with vegetation over mud or sand.

DIET IN THE WILD: Mid-water omnivore that feeds in vegetation and open water. Its numerous gill rakers allow it to consume planktonic crustaceans; however aquatic insects, minnows, and fingerlings of other species comprise its main diet.

Black Crappie 3202662242_7502b65334_b

REPRODUCTION: P. nigromaculatus produce an average of 40,000 spherical eggs and the male watches o the nest until eggs hatch, which is usually about 2–3 days.

PREDATORS: Larger fishes such as pike, walleye and muskellunge. Average lifespan 10-13 years.

CONSERVATION: Not endangered.

REMARKS: A very popular tasty sport fish.

Feeding Strategies WP31 and Swamp SW02

flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/sets/72157608608528651/with/3202662242/

WordPress Shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-ZD

%d bloggers like this: