Tag Archive: pufferfishes

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes)
Family: Tetraodontidae (Puffers)

Genus/species: Carinotetraodon travancoricus

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Both sexes are primarily yellow with dark green to black iridescent patches on the flanks and dorsal surface. Males can also have a dark stripe down the center of their pale belly and iridescent “eye wrinkle” patterns that females do not have. Females are more rounded, tend to be a bit larger than males, and may or may not show more smallish spots between their larger dark markings.
Length up to 2.5 cm (one inch)

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: C. travancoricus  are found in freshwater rivers of Asia and India. Endemic to the Western Ghats of India

DIET IN THE WILD: The diet of dwarf pufferfish in the wild has not been reported, but other members of the genus feed on zooplankton and various benthic crustaceans and molluscs.


REPRODUCTION: Eggs are deposited and hidden in vegetation.

Results from habitat modifications caused by deforestation and conversion of lands in agricultural areas, increasing urbanization, and over harvesting for the pet trade.


California Academy of Sciences Steinhart Aquarium Water is life feeding

Ron’s flickr  https://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/24236155053/in/album-72157662094208792/

fishbase www.fishbase.org/summary/Carinotetraodon-travancoricus.html

EOL www.eol.org/pages/222209/details

IUCN  www.iucnredlist.org/details/links/166591/0

Arkive www.arkive.org/malabar-pufferfish/carinotetraodon-travanc…

Ron’s WordPress Shortlink http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1Jg





Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (Ray-finned fishes)
Order: Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes)
Family: Tetraodontidae (Puffers)

Genus/species: Canthigaster valentini

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: C. valentini has a white body with four distinct black stripes on the upper half. The body is also covered with brownish-orange dots. It has yellow fins, and blue striping running along the back. It lacks pelvic fins, but has learned to use the pectoral fins to move about the aquarium.
Males have blue-green lines radiating from the back of the eyes. They are also larger than females and may also have a light gray patch in front of the anus.

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Occurs throughout the tropical, marine Indo-Pacific where it is common and locally abundant. It inhabits a wide range of coral reef and seagrass habitats at depths ranging from 1 to 55 metres.

DIET IN THE WILD: Forages on the benthos, feeding mainly on filamentous green and red algae, tunicates, and on smaller amounts of corals, bryozoans, polychaetes, echinoderms, mollusks.

CONSERVATION: IUCN Red List Least Concern (LC)

REMARKS: They are capable of inflating their abdomens with water when frightened or disturbed.
They can produce toxins such as tetrodotoxin and saxitoxin in the skin, gonads, and liver. Try not to use a net when handling this fish since it’s flesh is poisonous.The degree of toxicity varies by species, and also according to geographic area and season.

Color of Life:Color Communicates. The Mimic filefish (not shown here) evades predators by mimicking the Sharpnose Puffer (Canthigaster valentini).

The Mimic filefish can be distinguished from the Sharpnose Puffer (highly poisonous) by comparing their dorsal fins. The Mimic filefish has two dorsal fins, while the Sharpnose Puffer above has only one. – See more at: australianmuseum.net.au/blacksaddle-filefish-paraluteres-…




California Academy of Sciences Color on the Reef exhibit 2015

Ron’s flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/6427211687/in/album-72157652559028013/

Ron’s WordPress shortlink:  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-iz

Australian Museum  australianmuseum.net.au/blacksaddle-toby-canthigaster-val…

Encyclopedia of life  eol.org/pages/225023/overview



Phylum Chordata

Class Actinopterygii (Ray-finned fishes)

Order Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes)

Family Tetraodontidae (Puffers) 

Canthigaster leoparda  

DISTRIBUTION: Eastern Indian Ocean: Christmas Island. Western Pacific: Philippines, Ambon, and Guam. 

 HABITAT: Lives in deep water, usually along deep drop-offs in caves at more than 30 meters depth.

 APPEARANCE: size to 7 cm. (2.75 in).  Topside of face and body are yellow with blue lines; the sides and underside are white with blue spots; the sides with several clusters of brown blotches. Fins clear, except tail.  

 PR11  Color Cluster11-29-11

WORDPRESS SHORTLINK  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-iH

flickr LINK http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/5630165858/in/set-72157625020091079

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