Tag Archive: pipefishes


TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses)
Family: Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses)

Genus/species: Haliichthys taeniophorus

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Ribboned Pipefish have elongate scaleless bodies with bony knobs above the eyes and spines on body with a series of bony rings. The body color consists of shades of brown, green and yellow; The snout is tube like with no jaw and a terminal mouth. H. taeniophorus has a single dorsal fin, and its head and body are adorned with leafy appendages. They possess a prehensile tail that is used to attach to seagrass while searching for nearby prey.

Length up to 30.0 cm (11.8 in)

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Indo-Pacific: Indonesia south to Australia. Found in protected coastal shallows over or among algae, sea grasses, or floating weeds.

DIET IN THE WILD: Minute invertebrates and small planktonic crustaceans.

REPRODUCTION: They are ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail.

CONSERVATION: IUCN Least Concern. This species may be susceptible to being caught as bycatch and/or targeted for use in trade, but this has not been documented. There are no other known threats to this species.

REMARKS: Pipefishes differ from seadragons which lack the brood pouch of seahorses and pipefishes.

References

California Academy of Sciences Animal Attractions

Ron’s flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/3429248779/in/album-72157608441047857/

fishbase fishbase.org/summary/Haliichthys-taeniophorus.html

Arkive  www.arkive.org/ribboned-pipefish/haliichthys-taeniophorus/

IUCN www.iucnredlist.org/details/95882787/0

Ron’s WordPress Shortlink http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1Pb

Color of Life, Color Conceals. Shape and color provide excellent camouflage. It also is an inefficient swimmer, moving by an undulating motion of its pectoral and dorsal fins blending into the grass.

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses)
Family: Syngnathidae (Pipefishes Seadragons and seahorses)

Genus/species: Syngnathoides biaculeatus

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Slender tetrahedral body; variably colored green to brown or grey, reportedly depending on habitat. Bony plates on skin form a series of protective rings. Distinct tubular snout with no jaw.
Length up to 29.0 cm

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DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Red Sea; South Africa to Samoa,
north to southern Japan, south to eastern Australia.
Found in protected coastal shallows over or among algae, seagrasses, or floating weeds. Juveniles occasionally found near the surface.

DIET IN THE WILD: Minute invertebrates and fish larvae.

Alligator pipefish3888361153_13247050f2_b-2

REPRODUCTION: Ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch protectively located under his prehensile tail.

IUCN Red list Data deficient

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REMARKS: The prehensile tail is long and tapering and lacks a tail fin. It is used to anchor the fish to vegetation.

Used in Chinese medicine to extract Hailong.

References

California Academy of Sciences Color on the Reef Exhibit 2015

Ron’s flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/22510763066/in/album-72157608441047857/

fishbase fishbase.org/summary/Syngnathoides-biaculeatus.html

IUCN Red List www.iucnredlist.org/details/40715/0

EOL eol.org/pages/995073/details

Ron’s WordPress shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1Bu

Solenostomus cyanopterus                                     Solenostomidae 

Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to Australia.

Habitat:  Mostly pelagic until it settles on the substrate for breeding.  Uncommon species found in coastal reefs and weedy areas.

Appearance:  Color variable (from brown to pink or yellow) with small black and white spots; 2 elongate black spots between first 3 dorsal spines.

Diet: Small crustaceans. 

Reproduction: Monogamous, always in pairs.  Females carry the eggs in their pelvic fins that are modified to form a brood pouch.

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