Tag Archive: owl butterflies


TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda (Jointed Legged Animals)
Class: Insecta (head, usually with two antennae. The thorax, has six legs and usually four wings. The abdomen, is used for breathing and reproduction.)
Order: Lepidoptera (most butterflies and moths)
Family: Nymphalidae (Brush-footed Butterflies)
Subfamily: Brassolidae (owl butterflies and relatives)

Genus/species: Eryphanis automedon

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: In males the dorsal sides of the wings show night blue iridescent patches, with well-defined borders separating the non-iridescent sections. (see eol.org/pages/149554/details) The bottom side or Ventral sides vary from faded brown to caramel color, with eyespots.

wing underside

4184513701_c7f7b4e5df_b 

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: E. automedon is present from Venezuela to the Guiana’s and Brazil and from Colombia to Paraguay, Found in rainforest and humid deciduous forest,

emerging from the chrysalis

 

References 

California Academy of Sciences Rainforest 2017

Ron’s flickr  https://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/4184513701/in/album-72157608449327886/

Ron’s WordPress shortlink http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1vw

EOL eol.org/pages/149554/details

ADW animaldiversity.org/accounts/Eryphanis_automedon/classifi…

breedingbutterflies.com  breedingbutterflies.com/eryphanis-sp-purple-mort-blue/

 

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae (Brush-footed Butterflies)

Genus/species: Caligo atreus 

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Caligo atreus is much more colorful than its peers—its dorsal side has deep blue striping on the top part of the wing and bright yellow on the bottom half of the wing. (see Chicago Botanical garden in references)
The underside is a rich chocolate color with eye spots and a prominent grey-yellow vertical stripe on the ventral surface.

Wing top, (dorsal side below)

C atreus20026840583_be349c9b4f_k

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: They are found in Mexico south to Northern South America, Found in dense rainforest but occasionally they visit banana plantations to lay their eggs on leaves.

DIET IN THE WILD: The larvae feed on Musa and Heliconia species and can be a pest for banana cultivation. Adults feed on juices of rotting fruit.

Wing bottomside (ventral side below)Owl Butterfliy4185273802_a8ebe26468_b

Remarks: Color communicates; deimatic behavior describes actions by an organism to startle a potential predator, thereby allowing the would-be prey to escape. An organism may display “eye spots”, which are often found on non-vital body parts like wings, flash bright colors, or arrange their body in an aggressive manner. Ref. California Academy of Sciences Docent training for Color of Life Exhibit May 2015

References

California Academy of Sciences  Rainforest 2017

Chicago Botanical Garden my.chicagobotanic.org/tag/caligo-atreus/

Encyclopedia of Life eol.org/pages/149494/overview

Ron’s flickr  https://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/4185273802/in/album-72157608449327886/

Ron’s WordPress Shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1ze

 

 

 

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