Tag Archive: grunts


TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family:  Haemulidae (Grunts) bottom-feeding predators, named for their ability to produce sound by grinding their teeth.

Genus/species  Plectorhinchus chaetodonoides  

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Juveniles brown with large white blotches. Becomes more spotted with age, reversing from white to black spotted in the process. Deeper bodies compared to most others in the genus

Length is up to 72 cm (29 inches) and weight to 7,000 g (15.5 pounds)

Spotted Sweetlips IMG_0501

 DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT Indo-West Pacific oceans. Inhabits coral-rich areas of clear lagoon and seaward reefs. 1 – 30 m (3-90 ft).

 

DIET IN THE WILD: Carnivore. Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks, and fishes at night.

CONSERVATION: IUCN Not evaluated

References

California Academy of Sciences Philippine coral reef 2016

Ron’s flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/sets/72157625992053826/

Ron’s WordPress Shortlink    http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-nP

fishbase fishbase.org/summary/Plectorhinchus-chaetodonoides.html

TAXONOMY

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum:  Chordata
Class:  Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Haemulidae (Grunts)

GENUS/SPECIES  Plectorhinchus vittatus

 

 

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS; Juveniles are reddish-brown with white or cream-colored blotches at a size of less than 13 cm (5.1 inches). Adults have prominent lips and boldly patterned. White with black lines that extend onto the belly Lips and fins are yellow with spotted dorsal, anal and tail fins.

Length up to 86 cm (33.9 inches)

 

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: East Africa to Samoa, north to the Ryukus, south to Mauritius and New Caledonia.  Found in clear lagoons, reef channels, reef faces and slopes at depths of 5 to 80 feet.   

 DIET IN THE WILD:  P. vittatus  are bottom feeding carnivores preferring crustaceans, mollusks and small fish they can swallow whole. 

 REPRODUCTION: Oviparous

 CONSERVATION: IUCN Red List Not Evaluated

 

 

CONSERVATION: Not evaluated

References

 California Academy of Sciences Philippine coral reef 2016

 fishbase  www.fishbase.org/summary/Plectorhinchus-vittatus.html

 EOL  eol.org/pages/988173/details

 Ron’s flickr  http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/sets/72157625992053826/

Ron’sWordpress Shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-Aq

 

 

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes),  Perciformes (Perch-likes),  Haemulidae (Grunts)

Haemulon vittatum

 

DISTRIBUTION: Western Atlantic: southern Florida, USA and Bahamas to northern South America. Also Caribbean, including Antilles.

HABITAT: Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 – 50 m

Haemulon vittatum

APPEARANCE: Average length 18.0 cm (7 in).

Spindle-shaped fish with a deeply forked tail and an extremely protrusible mouth. Dorsal fins close together. 

DIET: Zooplankton and small fishes.  REMARKS: Minor commercial fishery; bait: occasionally.

LOCATION: Caribbean Reef

Flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/sets/72157625866509117/

WORDPRESS SHORTLINK  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-ma

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