Tag Archive: Caribbean Reef

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Echinoidea (Sea urchins)
Subclass: Cidaroidea
Order: Cidaroida
Family: Cidaridae

Genus/species: Eucidaris tribuloides

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Brown body with thick spines in all directions. 

Slate Pencil UrchinIMG_1479

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: North Carolina through Brazil, Caribbean, Bahamas, Florida. Found in coral reef crevices, in turtle grass beds, or under rocks and rubble in back reef lagoon areas. Depth to 800 m (usually 50 m). 



Slate Pencil UrchinIMG_1478

DIET IN THE WILD: Nocturnal omnivore: algae and small invertebrates such as sea squirts and sponges.

Slate Pencil UrchinIMG_0664

REMARKS: The spines of pencil urchins, unlike other urchin groups, are not covered with epidermis. They are, however, often covered with algae and epizoans that provide excellent camouflage. Spines are also covered with barbs that can inflict serious pain to a predator. Seek shelter in rocky crevices by day, using the thick spines to maintain a protected position.


Encyclopedia of life eol.org/pages/600976/details

Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute 


Animal Diversity Web animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Eucidaris_tribulo…

Ron’s flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/4330820247/in/set-72157608501343477

Ron’s WordPress shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1nk

Caribbean  PR36

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Labridae (Wrasses)

Genus/species: Clepticus parrae


GENERAL/CHARACTERISTICS: Color primarily violet or purple; large individuals with a wash of yellow on lower two-thirds of body; prolonged portions of dorsal and anal fins and tips of pelvic fins blackish. Max length : 30.0 cm (1 foot).

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (USA), and Bahamas to northern South America. Found in seaward reef slopes; occasionally on shallow patch reefs.
Depth 10-30 meters (33-100feet).

DIET IN THE WILD: Plankton small jellyfishes, pteropods, pelagic tunicates and various invertebrate larvae

REPRODUCTION: Form leks during breeding (a place where males assemble during the mating season and engage in competitive displays that attract females). Protogynous hermaphrodite The largest fish in a group is a dominant breeding male, while smaller fish remain female. If the dominant male dies, the largest female changes sex.


REMARKS: Like many wrasse, it changes color markedly during its lifetime, with juveniles being almost completely violet-purple. As it matures, it develops a yellow patch on the rear part of its body.


fishbase www.fishbase.org/summary/3656

eol eol.org/pages/218105/details

flickr www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/14290169509/

WordPress Shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1ic


Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets)
Subfamily: Epinephelinae (groupers)

Genus/species: Gonioplectrus hispanus

Gonioplectrus hispanusIMG_9063


GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Head, body, dorsal and caudal fins yellow; 6-7 salmon-colored stripes from the head to the dorsal and caudal fins; blood-red blotch on the front half of anal fin; white blotch on the side of belly; pinkish purple pelvic fins. Max. length 30 cm (12 inches).

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Western Atlantic: off North Carolina to the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean, and south to Vitoria, Brazil Found in deepwater on sandy bottoms and reefs. Demersal; depth range 35 – 365 m (115-1200 feet).

DIET IN THE WILD: Piscivores (feeds on fish)



fishbase www.fishbase.org/summary/3323

filickr  www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/14473428691/in/photostr…

WordPress shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1i3

Vetted Matt Wandell,  Biologist California Academy of Sciences




Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes),  Perciformes (Perch-likes),  Haemulidae (Grunts)

Haemulon vittatum


DISTRIBUTION: Western Atlantic: southern Florida, USA and Bahamas to northern South America. Also Caribbean, including Antilles.

HABITAT: Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 – 50 m

Haemulon vittatum

APPEARANCE: Average length 18.0 cm (7 in).

Spindle-shaped fish with a deeply forked tail and an extremely protrusible mouth. Dorsal fins close together. 

DIET: Zooplankton and small fishes.  REMARKS: Minor commercial fishery; bait: occasionally.

LOCATION: Caribbean Reef

Flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/sets/72157625866509117/

WORDPRESS SHORTLINK  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-ma

1-25-12 Rainbow Wrasse from Ron’s Tropical Marine Series

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes), Perciformes (Perch-likes),  Labridae (Wrasses)

Halichoeres pictus   



DISTRIBUTION:  Western Atlantic: southern Florida, USA and Bahamas to northern South America. 

HABITAT: Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 – 25 m.

APPEARANCE: Large adult males are blue-green to yellowish green on the upper half of body and pale blue on lower half; blue stripes on head; a large black spot at caudal base. Females or young are silvery tan with a brown back and a brown stripe along the midsize.

DIET:  Various invertebrates.

REPRODUCTION: A protogynous hermaphrodites.  Protogynous hermaphrodites refer to organisms that are born female and at some point in their lifespan change sex to males.  Also noted in the following fish families: Serranidae (groupers), Sparidae (porgies), Synbranchidae (swamp eels), Scaridae (parrotfishes), Pomacanthidae (angelfishes), Gobiidae (gobies), Lethrinidae (emperors).

REMARKS: Note: Protandrous hermaphrodites refer to organisms that are born male and at some point in their lifespan change sex to female. Protandrous animals include clownfish.  

LOCATION: Caribbean Reef.

Flickr  http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/sets/72157608208133134/


WORDPRESS SHORTLINK  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-m0

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