Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Suborder:Labroidei
Family: Embiotocidae (surfperches)                

Genus/species: Embiotoca jacksoni                           

 

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS:  Deep, very compressed body. Colored various shades of brown, red, green above, yellowish below, darker bars on sides, blue bar on base of anal fin. Note a mustache-like black bar on upper lip.  Length to 39 cm (15 in).

 

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DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT; Fort Bragg, California to Punta Abreojos, Baja California, Mexico nearshore reefs and kelp forests. Also over sand, and in estuaries near algae. Usually within 1 m (3 ft) of the substrate.

DIET IN THE WILD: Worms, crustaceans and mollusks. Also are cleaner fish of conspecifics as well as other species.

REPRODUCTION: Summer is the peak breeding season. Fertilization is internal. Viviparous; young embryos are nourished internally and are quite large as newborns.

PREDATORS: Leopard sharks.

CONSERVATION: Not evaluated

REMARKS: Species name jacksoni, is after A.C. Jackson, who, in the 19th century, first noted that surfperches gave birth to live young.  Fertilization is also internal as it is in Rockfishes.

References

 eol eol.org/pages/207197/details

 fishbase www.fishbase.org/summary/3628

Flickr  http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/4716007223/in/set-72157608359804936/

 Wordpress Shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-C7