Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Embiotocidae (surfperches)                

Genus/species: Embiotoca jacksoni                           


GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS:  Deep, very compressed body. Colored various shades of brown, red, green above, yellowish below, darker bars on sides, blue bar on base of anal fin. Note a mustache-like black bar on upper lip.  Length to 39 cm (15 in).



DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT; Fort Bragg, California to Punta Abreojos, Baja California, Mexico nearshore reefs and kelp forests. Also over sand, and in estuaries near algae. Usually within 1 m (3 ft) of the substrate.

DIET IN THE WILD: Worms, crustaceans and mollusks. Also are cleaner fish of conspecifics as well as other species.

REPRODUCTION: Summer is the peak breeding season. Fertilization is internal. Viviparous; young embryos are nourished internally and are quite large as newborns.

PREDATORS: Leopard sharks.

CONSERVATION: Not evaluated

REMARKS: Species name jacksoni, is after A.C. Jackson, who, in the 19th century, first noted that surfperches gave birth to live young.  Fertilization is also internal as it is in Rockfishes.





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