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TAXONOMY
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Microdesmidae (Wormfishes)

Genus/species: Pteroleotris zebra

Zebra Gobie2985357026_450274646b_b

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Elongated and compressed body with a Yellowish to greenish gray color and a series of narrow orange to pinkish bars edged with blue or purple along the sides A broad blue-edged dark reddish to purple area is below the eye. A chin barbel is
followed by a median longitudinal fold. Max length: 4.7 inches.

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Tropical Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and islands in the western Indian Ocean to the Line and Marquesan Islands, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef. Found over exposed seaward reefs in relatively shallow water. Depth range 2 – 31 m (6-100 feet).

DIET: Zooplankton. Small schools hover several feet above the substrate capturing morsels the current carries to them.

CONSERVATION: Not evaluated

REMARKS: The common name of the genus is “dartfish,” derived from the group’s habit of darting between rocks or into rubble when frightened.

Philippine Coral Reef PR04

fReferences

flickrwww.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/2985357026/in/set-72157…

fishbase www.fishbase.us/summary/4384

EOL eol.org/pages/204027/details

Fishes of Australia:www.fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/196

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes)

Genus/species: Acanthurus pyroferus

Acanthurus pyroferus3161779234_fc0fccc624_b

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS:Appearance: Length to 25 cm. Adults have a purplish-black to brown body; curving black band from chin to upper edge of the operculum; orange patch above base of pectoral fin. Front of juvenile’s body (“face”) is gray; body is white anteriorly and dark posteriorly. The caudal fin is dark-colored and rounded in juveniles.

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Indonesia, Philippines, Micronesia to Polynesia, Japan to New Caledonia and the Great Barrier Reef.  Found in lagoon and seaward reefs from 12–200 ft.

DIET IN THE WILD: Algae.

REPRODUCTION: Following external fertilization female scatters eggs over open water substrate: eggs not guarded.

REMARKS: The common name “mimic” is based on the juvenile coloration; juveniles exhibit three different color patterns mimicking angelfish in the Centropyge genus. As an adult their appearance transforms to the adult coloration for A. pyroferus. Presumably there is an advantage to mimicking an angelfish which possesses a sharp, preopercular spine when this young surgeonfish and its peduncular spines are tiny.

Philippine Coral Reef PR04

REFERENCES

flickr  https://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/2989062467/in/set-72157608332652056/

WordPress shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1fA

EOL  http://eol.org/pages/211470/details

 

 

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Siganidae (Rabbitfishes and Spinefoots) 

Genus/species: Siganus unimaculatusBlotched Foxface Rabbitfish 13717964414_50be7e63d0_b

 
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: A dark chocolate ocular band occurs in an arc from base of 1st dorsal spine to chin with a narrow white blaze on midline of head profile. The thorax is dark chocolate and thee remainder of body is yellow-orange. Same as the Foxface Rabbitfish (S. vulpinus) except for the black spot or ‘blotch” on posterior upper side of body. Max. length: 20 cm or 8 inches.

 DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Western Pacific: Ryukyu Islands of Japan, the Philippines, to western Australia. Found in coral rich areas of lagoon often among stag horn corals and seaward reefs to depth of 30 m (98 ft).

Blotched Foxface Rabbitfish13717573555_6773f7d8a1_b

 DIET IN THE WILD: seaweeds.

 CONSERVATION: IUCN; Not evaluated

 REMARKS: Some researchers believe S. unimaculatus and S. vulpinus are a single species. Color the same as in S. vulpinus except for the blackish spot posteriorly on the upper side of the body.

 Possesses venomous spines on dorsal and anal fins, as do all in the genus.

 Philippine Coral Reef PR04

 References

 flickrwww.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/13717964414/

 Wordpress shortlink http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1fs

 fishbase www.fishbase.org/summary/4630

 EOLeol.org/pages/221694/hierarchy_entries/44731451/details

 

 

 

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Siganidae (Rabbitfishes and Spinefoots)

Genus/species: Siganus virgatus

Barhead Spinefoot 4533131275_6ac3dc18ab_b

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Length to 11.8 inches. Yellow above, white below with yellow dorsal and caudal fins; blue markings on head and back. Eyes masked by a black stripe that extends from the bottom of the mouth to the top of the head, and a brown band running diagonally from nape to chin

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Tropical west Pacific in shallow coastal waters, around hard coral reefs and areas of sand with patches of rock and soft coral. Tolerant of murky waters. Depth 1–15 m (3-45 ft).

DIET IN THE WILD: Feeds on benthic seaweeds

REPRODUCTION: Pelagic spawner

MORTALITY: Stout venomous spines discourage would-be predators.

CONSERVATION: IUCN Not evaluated

REMARKS : Fins and spines are venomous. Caution must be used when handling. Reactions can range from mild to severe
Named rabbitfish due to their voracious appetite.

Phillipine Coral Reef PR04

References

flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/4533131275/

WordPress shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1fn

EOL http://eol.org/pages/206659/details

fishbase http://www.fishbase.org/summary/4624

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes)
Family: Balistidae (Triggerfishes)

Genus/species: Xanthichthys auromarginatus

 Male belowBluechin Triggerfish aka Gilded Triggerfish (male) Xanthichthys auromarginatus (Balistidae)TriggerfishesIMG_1613

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Steel blue with white spots. Males have blue chin patch and yellow margins on dorsal, anal, and caudal fins. Females lack chin patch, and have maroon stripe on base of dorsal and anal fins, and on outer margin of tail. Length to Up to 11.8 inches. (male above, female below)

Gilded Triggerfish (female) Xanthichthys auromarginatus  _2

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT:: Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Hawaiian Islands, north to the Ryukyus, south to New Caledonia. Marine reefs 25 – 450 ft depths.

DIET: Zooplankton, especially copepods.

REPRODUCTION: Distinct pairing, oviparous, external fertilization.

REMARKS: The common name comes a unique interaction between the large first dorsal spine and the smaller second one behind. When the posterior spine is erect, it locks the strong first spine vertically in place, allowing it to wedge itself into a protective space, perhaps a hole or under a rock, where a predator can rarely extract it. When the posterior spine is depressed, the anterior spine folds back easily, like taking a lock off a trigger.

Pink tail triggerfish with trigger erect below (not on exhibit)

PinkTail Triggerfish Erect trigger IMG_0863 copy

Halfmoon trigger hiding below (not on exhibit)

HALFMOON TRIGGERFISH

Like all triggerfishes, able to rotate eyeballs independently.

Philippine Coral Reef PR04

References

 flickrwww.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/2978997545/edit-details/

 Wordpress shortlink http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-RX

 fishbase www.fishbase.us/summary/6030

 EOL eol.org/pages/204534/details

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Labridae (Wrasses)

Genus/species: Halichoeres prosopeion

Two-tonewrasseIMG_6778

 GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Adults green-blue in front fading to light yellow behind. A dark spot behind the eye; dorsal fin with large black spot near the front. Unlike most wrasses, no obvious differences between sexes. Max. size: 13 cm (5 inches).

 DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Western Pacific; east to Indonesia and Sumatra, north to southern Japan, south to Great Barrier Reef. Habitat: Lagoons and seaward reefs. Depth range 2 – 40 m (6.5 -130 feet).

 DIET IN THE WILD: Small crabs, shrimps, worms, and other benthic invertebrate.

Two-tonewrasse13572020553_2c6e678b2e_b

 REMARKS: Like many wrasses, quickly buries in sand when threatened or alarmed.

 CONSERVATION: IUCN Least concern

 Philippine Coral Reef PR04

 Taken on 02/01/2010, 9-12-12, 1-31-14

 References

flickrwww.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/13572020553/edit-details/

 WordPress shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1fe

 fishbasewww.fishbase.org/summary/Halichoeres-prosopeion.html

 EOL eol.org/pages/211449/details

 

TAXONOMY
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order:Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family:Labridae (Wrasses)

Genus/species: Pseudocheilinus hexataenia

Six-line Wrasse3237047032_23cc672a39_b

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: To 7.5 cm (3 inches). Violet with six horizontal orange stripes on side. Small black dot on upper tail base.

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Indo-Pacific among seaward reefs in coral branches. Depth 20 meters (65 feet).

DIET IN THE WILD: Primarily small crustaceans, snails, and flatworms.

PREDATORS: Preyed upon by grouper and other finfish.

Philippine Coral reef PR04

References

flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/3237047032/

WordPress shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1f9

fishbasewww.fishbase.de/summary/Pseudocheilinus-hexataenia.html

EOLwww.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/3237047032/edit-details/

 

TAXONOMY

Kingdom:   Animalia

Phylum:  Chordata

Subphylum:  Vertebrata

Class:  Actinopterygii

Order:  Perciformes

Family:Labridae: (Wrasses)


Genus/species;   Choerodon fasciatus

Harlequin Tuskfish Choerodon fasciatus13468909953_c5af6bd9cb_b

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS 
 Length to 30 cm (12 in). Vertical, broad, bright orange bands interspersed with blue bands. Black caudal peduncle, white tail. Dorsal and pelvic fins orange. As it ages the back half of the body darkens to a dark blue/purple color. The mouth has large blue teeth is a very distinctive feature. 

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT
 Western Pacific, disjunct distribution. North: Ryukyus to Taiwan; South: New
Caledonia to Queensland. Habitat: Seaward reefs, 5–35 m (15-100 ft). Usually solitary. Patrol a large territory. Active diurnally.

DIET IN THE WILD
 Tuskfish have protruding canines used for moving rubble to expose invertebrate prey and prying mollusks from the substrate. Hard shelled prey crushed by pharyngeal teeth. Eats mollusks, echinoderms, crustaceans, worms.

REPRODUCTION
 Pelagic spawners, initial males spawn in large groups; terminal males are usually territorial and pair
 spawn with females of their choice. Females change sex into males for their terminal phase.

Harlequin Tuskfish Choerodon fasciatus3259507480_c96e99d734_b

REMARKS: Wrasses are most easily identified by their pointed snouts and prominent canine teeth that protrude in front of the jaw. Other common characteristics include their form of propulsion, which depends mostly on the winglike motion of the pectoral fins with only an occasional burst of speed provided by the caudal fin. Color, markings and body shapes change during maturation.

Philippine Coral reef  PR04

References

 flickr  https://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/13468909953/in/set-72157608208133134

 WordPress Shortlink  http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-BV

fishbase       http://www.fishbase.org/summary/12722

EOL  http://eol.org/pages/206009/details

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)

Family: Labridae (Wrasses)

Genus/species: Cirrhilabrus exquisitus

Specimen below is a male

ExquisitefairywrasseCirrhilabrusexquisitusIMG_0091

 

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Body shape is fusiform. Mouth is terminal.  Post-juvenile initial phase to 7 cm and colored shades of brown; large black spot on base of upper tail. Terminal phase individuals colored shades of green, bright red margins on dorsal and anal fins, narrow blue stripe from mid-body to tail, large black spot on base of upper tail, two or three blue line marks on head.  Maximum length 12cm (4.75 inches)

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: East Africa to Tuamotus, north to Izus, southern Japan and south to Great BarrierReef, Australia over rubble or low patch reefs in areas of current, also on reef edges and near rubble zones in 5–35 m. (16-115 feet)

DIET IN THE WILD: Zooplankton in the water column, well above the substrate.

CONSERVATION: Data deficient (DD) Philippine Coral Reef PR04

References

WordPress shortlink http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-1eS

flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/4563757962/in/set-72157608208133134/

fishbase  http://www.fishbase.de/summary/Cirrhilabrus-exquistius.html

EOL  http://eol.org/pages/357163/details

Taken on January 8, 2009, 3-20-14

TAXONOMY
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Labridae (Wrasses)

Genus/species: Labroides dimidiatu

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: Length to 11.5 cm (4.5 inches). Elongate body, tubular mouth. Blue to yellow above fading to white or yellow below. There is a black stripe from the eye to the caudal fin margin. The stripe widens posteriorly.

DISTRIBUTION/HABITAT: Indo-Pacific in virtually all coral reef habitats: inner lagoons and subtidal reef flats to seaward reefs, 0.5-40 m (18 in to 125 ft), typically near branching corals. Active diurnally. Aggressively territorial. Nocturnally retires to small crevices in the reef, enclosing itself in a mucus cocoon. Remains in stations where other fish come to be cleaned.

DIET: The most common cleaner wrasse on reefs. Pick external parasites from other fishes. Also clean the wounds of other fishes by removing scar tissue. Clean the gills and even enter the mouth of the host.

REPRODUCTION: Monogamous. A protogynous hermaphrodite.
Open water/substratum egg scatterers, non guarders.

CONSERVATION: IUCN, Least concern

Cleaner Wrasse13298334135_9737aa3d26_b

Philippine Coral Reef PR04

flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/cas_docents/sets/72157608208133134/with/2977676226/

WordPress Shortlink http://wp.me/p1DZ4b-Kp

fishbase fishbase.sinica.edu.tw/summary/SpeciesSummary.php?ID=5459

EOL eol.org/pages/204814/details

Australia Museum  australianmuseum.net.au/Common-Cleanerfish-Labroides-dimi…

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